Narendra Damodardas Modi ( born  Narendra Damodardas Modi, Guja . નરેંદ્ર દામોદરદાસ મોદી, Hindi नरेन्द्र दामोदरदास मोदी; born September 17, 1950 , Vadnagar, India ) – Indian politician and statesman, Prime Minister of India since May 26, 2014 , leader of Bharatiya janata party . In 2001-2014, he was the Chief Minister of Gujarat.InformationYouth
Narendra Damodardas Modi was born on September 17, 1950 in the city of Vadnagar [2] . He was the third of six children in the family of Damodardas Mulchand Modi (c. 1915-1989) and his wife Hiraben (b. 1920) [3] . In his early youth, he became interested in politics, joined the ranks of Rastria Swayamsevak Sangh (RCC). He was educated as a political scientist .
Political career
In 1998 , on behalf of the then acting leader of Bharatiya Janat Party Lal Krishna Adwani , he led the election campaign of this party in Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh . In October 2001, he became the chief minister of Gujarat, replacing the retired Kesubhai Patel [4] [5] . In 2007, he was re-elected for a third term [6] [7] [8] , and in 2012 for a fourth.
Both in India and abroad, Modi is considered an extremely controversial figure [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] . His actions during the Gujarat pogrom of 2002 caused sharp criticism . In particular, he was accused of not providing protection to Indian Muslims . Despite this, Modi enjoys tremendous support among the population of Gujarat. He is credited with the rapid economic growth of the state in the 2000s [16] . According to the popular magazine India Today , in 2006 and 2011. N. Modi was recognized as the best chief minister of India [17] .
Activities as Prime Minister
On September 13, 2013, Narendra Modi was named prime minister’s candidate for Bharatiya Janata Party and led the campaign for the 2014 parliamentary elections . According to him, he held 440 meetings with voters across the country. In addition, Modi successfully used social networks, resorting even to three-dimensional holograms in order to “directly” communicate with voters in virtual space [18] . The BDP program slogan read: “Nationalism is our inspiration. Development and good governance are our goal ” [19] .
Voting was held in nine stages from April 7 to May 12 , with a turnout of 66.38%. On May 16, the Election Commission of India began the vote count [20] . According to preliminary data, Bharatiya Janata Party was the leader in 276 out of 543 constituencies, and the National Democratic Alliance in 331 [21] . After the preliminary vote count showed the overwhelming advantage of the BJP, the representative of the Indian National Congress, Rajiv Shukla, on behalf of the party said that “we admit defeat. We are ready to join the opposition ” [22] . According to estimates, the BJP can get 277 seats in the new composition of the Lock Sabha, with 272 necessary for the simple majority [23] , and INCs – about 100 places [24] . The current Prime Minister of India, Manmohan Singh, congratulated Narendra Modi on his election victory. In turn, Modi wrote on Twitter : “India won! Good days ahead ” [25] . According to preliminary data, the BJP will receive 339 seats in parliament [26] .
On May 17, Narendra Modi arrived in Delhi from Gujarat to hold a victory parade ending at the party’s headquarters. Along the route of the motorcade, police and special units were exhibited [27] . On the way to the headquarters of Bharatiya Janata party, people gathered along the streets chanted his name, waved flags, showered flowers with his motorcade, sang and danced to the sounds of a brass band and national flutes. Modi got out of the car several times, showing the crowd the “V” sign [28]. On the same day, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh recognized the victory of Bharatiya Janata Party in the elections and resigned, saying that he “tried to do everything possible during his service to the great people” of India. According to the final results of the vote, the United Progressive Alliance led by the Indian National Congress party won only 59 out of 543 constituencies, the BDP won 283 constituencies, thus gaining an absolute majority and becoming the first party in 30 years to form a government on its own [ 29] . Singh will continue to serve as prime minister until the appointment of a new one [30] . The BJP gained control only of the lower house of parliament, Lok Sabha ; in rajya sabhashe has only 46 mandates out of 240 against 68 for the INC, which gives the latter a veto [31] .
On May 19, Russian President Vladimir Putin congratulated Narendra Modi on the victory of his party in the election [32] .

On May 20, Narendra Modi was nominated as Prime Minister of India by Bharatiya Janata Parti. According to the approved procedure, he will meet with the President of India Pranab Mukherjee to apply for formal permission to head the government [33] . It was expected that the oath could take place on May 24 [34] .

On May 26, Narendra Modi took the oath of office of the Prime Minister of India . The ceremony was attended by politicians and representatives of foreign countries, among whom was the Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif . Until now, the prime ministers of India and Pakistan have never come to the inauguration of their colleague [35] . In addition to him, there were leaders of countries belonging to the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), as well as the presidents of Afghanistan , Sri Lanka and the Maldives , the prime ministers of Nepal and Bhutan , the speaker of the Parliament of Bangladesh [36]. Before the oath ceremony at the presidential palace in Delhi, Nawaz Sharif said that the election of Modi opens up opportunities for improving relations between the two countries [37] . The next day, Modi held talks with Sharif, at which issues of cooperation in various fields, in particular in the field of border security, were discussed [38] .

In 2018, he took 9th place in the ranking of the most influential people in the world according to Forbes magazine . He held the same position in 2015 and 2016 [39] .

Narendra Modi actively communicates with her supporters on social networks. The number of followers of his Twitter page, as of January 2019, is 45 million. It is noteworthy that of politicians, only Barack Obama (104.1 million) and Donald Trump (57.2 million) have the most subscribers. Modi often posts tweets in the language of the country he is making an official visit to.

He is a vegetarian [40] . He writes poems in the language of Gujarati [41] .

In 2014, Narendra Modi said at a meeting with medical workers in a hospital in Mumbai that the story of the god Ganesha , who has the head of an elephant and a human body, indicates the existence of plastic surgery in ancient India [42] .

In early June 2015, Narendra Modi accidentally hit the list of ten most dangerous criminals according to the Google search engine . His photo appeared first in response to a request of the “Top 10 criminals in India”. The search engine management had to apologize for the “confusion and misunderstanding that occurred” [43] .


Donald John Trump ( Eng.  Of Donald the John the Trump;. Born 14 June 1946 the year , Jamaica , Queens , New York , USA ) – Americanstatesman, politician , businessman , acting President of the United States of America to January 20 2017 the year [9] [ 10] .

In the past – an entrepreneur (mainly in real estate ), a showman and TV presenter [11] [12] [13] . The man of the year according to the Timemagazine (2016) [14] . From 1971 [15] to 2017 [16], Donald Trump was the president of the Trump Organization construction conglomerateand the founder of the gambling and hotel business Trump Entertainment Resorts [11] . In 1996-2015, he was the owner of the Miss Universe beauty pageant . Appeared as a cameoin a number of movies and television series . In addition, Donald Trump was the executive producer and for 14 seasons (2004-2015) was a leading reality show “candidate” on the TV channelthe NBC “. Since the 1988 presidential election, Donald Trump has been seen as a potential candidate for president of the United States in almost every election [17] . In October 1999, he declared himself a potential candidate from the Reform Party for the presidency of the United States [18] , but on February 14, 2000, withdrew from the election [19] . Announces Fight for Next US PresidentJune 16, 2015 [20] . In May 2016, having outstripped all rivals in the primaries , he virtually guaranteed himself to be nominated as a single candidate from the Republican Party [21] . It was officially approved at the party congress held on July 18-21 of the same year. He became the second-ever candidate for president of the United States from two major parties, who were originally known primarily as a businessman and did not hold any government posts (the first was Wendell Wilkie in 1940 ) and the first such candidate to win the election.

In the presidential election on November 8, 2016, Donald Trump defeated the Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton , gaining 306 electoral votes (56.88%) [22] .

At the age of 70, Donald Trump became the oldest first elected president of the United States , which broke the record of Ronald Reagan , who took this post at 69 years old. Trump is also the first president of the United States, who did not hold any other state or military post before entering the White House . In addition, Donald Trump is the richest person who took office as president. In addition, Donald Trump is the fifth president who was elected with fewer votes than the loser [23] .

According to Hogan Gidley, deputy spokeswoman for the White House, [24] Donald Trump intends to run for president again in 2020.

In May 2018, 18 Republican congressmen signed a letter of appeal to the Nobel Committee, which proposed Trump to be awarded the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to resolve the Korean issue [25] .

Donald John Trump was born on June 14, 1946in the Jameika area ( Borough Queens ) in New York .

Donald Trump’s father is Fred Christ Trump(10/11/1905, Woodhaven, New York , USA  – 06/25/1999).

Donald Trump’s mother – Mary Ann MacLeod (05/10/1912, Tong, Stornoway , Isle of Lewis , Scotland  – 08/07/2000); in 1930, at the age of 18, she went on holidays to New York, where she met a local builder and stayed. The wedding took place in 1936.

Donald Trump’s grandfather and grandmother on the father’s side were German immigrants : Frederick Trump (née Friedrich Trump, 03/14/1869, Kalstadt , Rhineland-Palatinate  – 03/30/1918) immigrated to the United States in 1885, received citizenship in 1892; his wife, Elizabeth Christ (10/10/1880 – 06/06/1966) [26] . Married in Kalstadt, Rhineland-Palatinate, in 1902.

Donald Trump has two brothers and two sisters – Fred Jr. (now deceased), Robert, Marianne and Elizabeth. His older sister, Marianne Trump-Barry, is a judge of the federal court of appeals and mother of David Desmond, a well-known neuropsychologist and writer in the United States .

Trump attended the Kew Forest School in Forest Hills , Queens , at the age of 13 he encountered difficulties. Parents sent him to a private boarding school “New York Military Academy” in the hope of channeling his energy and self-confidence in a positive direction [27] . It worked: Trump attended an academy in upstate New York , he received academy awards, played football teams in 1962 and 1963, and also a baseball team in 1962-1964 (he was team captain in 1964). Baseball coach Ted Dobias, known for his disinterested work with children, awarded him the Coach Award in 1964.

Promoted to the rank of cadet captain S4 (cadet battalion foreman), in their fourth year of training, Trump and cadet first sergeant Jeff Donaldson (1965) (cadet at a military school at West Point , 1969) organized a collective company of cadets, training them in advanced combat training closed systems, and marched on Fifth Avenue in the armistice Day in 1964.

In his book, The Art of Making Deals , Trump talks about his student career:

After graduating from the New York Military Academy in 1964, I was thinking about entering a film school … but in the end I decided that real estate was a more profitable business. I began to study at Fordham University … but after two years I decided that studying at college is the same for me as if I had not studied at all. So I applied to the University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of Business and did … I was so happy when I graduated. I immediately went home and started working with my father.

He graduated from the Wharton School of Business in 1968 with a bachelor of science degree in economics and a major in finance [11]. His father’s company was a leader in real estate.Trump began his career in the company of his father and first concentrated on the area that his father preferred – renting houses for middle-class people in Brooklyn , Queens and Staten Island . One of the first projects of Donald (he was still in college) was the modernization of the Swiftton Village, a non -redeemable 1200-apartment complex in Cincinnati , Ohio : 66% of apartments were not rented out, and Trump decided to implement thanks to his project 100% throughout the year.
In 1971, Trump moved to Manhattan . Here he saw the economic opportunities of the city, especially in terms of large construction projects in Manhattan, which assumed high profits due to architectural design, which contributed to public recognition. At first, Trump began to seek the right to build up old Pennsylvania-based central stations on the West Side , subsequently with a 40-year tax credit – financially exceeded by the New York government , which decided to give a tax credit in exchange for investments during the financial crisis that became bankrupt hotel “Commodore” to make it a new hotel “Grand Hyatt” [28] .
Trump was also involved in the construction of the Jacob Javits Convention Center, since the land on which he was built belonged to him. The construction of the Jacob Javits Convention Center “pushed” Trump with the New York government: he estimated this project at $ 110 million, while the city’s calculations showed a figure from $ 750 million to $ 1 billion. Trump proposed to control the cost of the project within the amount that it turned out with him, but this proposal was not accepted [29] .
A similar situation arose when the city tried to reconstruct the Wallman-Rink rink in Central Park . The project began in 1980 and was designed for 2.5 years of construction work. However, having spent 12 million on it, the city never completed it even by 1986. Trump offered to accept the facility under construction free of charge in order to continue work for his own money, but he was refused and did it until the local media began to write about it. As a result, Trump received a building permit, which he completed in six months, while saving 750 thousand of the budgeted 3 million [30] .

Financial problems (1989-1997)

By 1989, due to the financial crisis, Trump was unable to repay the loans. He invested $ 1 billion in the construction of his third Trump Taj Mahal , mostly with high-interest junk bonds. This decision gave him an advantage over competitors who used most of their own money to finance their projects. Despite the fact that Trump strengthened his business’s position with additional loans and deferred interest payments, by 1991 increasing debts not only caused bankruptcy related to the business, but also put him on the verge of personal bankruptcy. Banks and bondholderslost hundreds of millions of dollars, but still decided to restructure Trump’s debt in order to avoid an even greater waste of money in court. Trump Taj Mahal casino was released from bankruptcy on October 5, 1991, when Trump transferred 50% of its stake to the original bondholders in exchange for a reduced interest rate on the debt and an increase in the time for payments [31] .

On November 2, 1992, the management of the Trump Plaza Hotel, Atlantic City, forced Trump to file a “prepared bankruptcy” protection plan under Chapter 11 of the US Bankruptcy Code after he was unable to pay the debt. Under the plan, Trump agreed to cede 49% of his stake in the five-star Citibank Hotel and five other lenders. In turn, Trump received more than favorable conditions for repayments on loans taken from lenders for more than $ 550 million and retained his position of executive director despite the fact that he did not pay anything and did not take any part in the hotel [32] .

By 1994, Trump liquidated most of his personal debt of $ 900 million [33] and significantly reduced debt in business – about $ 3.5 billion. Along with the fact that he was forced to abandon the Trump Shuttle airline (which he bought in 1989), he managed to keep Trump Tower in New York and remain the manager of three casinos in Atlantic City . Chase Manhattan Bank, which provided Trump with a loan to buy Westside sites (its largest share in Manhattan ), was forced to sell this part to Asian developers. According to former Trump Organizationexecutives, Trump did not retain his ownership of any of the construction sites: the owners promised to give him about 30% of the profit (only once) for the construction site, which will be fully completed or sold. Until that time, the owners wanted Trump to continue to do what he knows best – to build. They offered him a modest salary for construction and management – building control. The new owners also allowed Trump to use his name on buildings and construction sites, and this allowed them to increase the price of condominiums.

In 1995, Trump was elected to the Gaming Hall of Fame [34] . In the same year, Trump merged his casinos into Trump Hotels & Casino Resorts, an open joint stock company. In 1996, Wall Street ‘s stock prices exceeded $ 35, but already in 1998 fell below $ 10, as the company remained unprofitable and barely managed to pay interest on a nearly $ 3 billion debt. With such a difficult financial situation, Trump was not able to rebuild the objects included in the group so that they did not lag behind their “glossy” competitors.

In the end, October 21, 2004 Trump Hotels & Casino Resorts announced a debt restructuring [35] . The plan obliged Trump to reduce his stake from 56% to 27% and give shares to the bondholders in exchange for canceling part of the debt. Since that time, Trump Hotels has been forced to seek protection against voluntary bankruptcy in order to stay afloat. After the company turned to Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code in November 2004 , Trump resigned as CEO, but remained chairman of the board. In May 2005 [36], the company began working again, but under the name Trump Entertainment Resorts Holdings [37] .Trump worked on several projects, the development stages of which are different.
The construction of the International Hotel. According to Trump, buyers made non-refinancing contributions to immediately buy space as soon as possible.
The construction of the International Hotel- Chicago building continues as planned, despite the fact that 30% of the space was not sold.
The stages of the construction of the International Hotel and Trump Tower – Toronto building have a schedule lag.
The successful construction of the Trump Tower Tampa building is rather doubtful: too much demand has sparked controversy over the upward revision of floor space prices. Three years after the start of this dubious construction, it was suspended, as a result of which the buyers filed lawsuits.
In Fort Lauderdale , Florida , one construction project kept waiting for the approval of another – the construction of the International Hotel and Trump Tower – Fort Lauderdale building.
which has the second position in the National Register of Unsold Houses [38] .
In the 2000 presidential election, he participated in primaries from the Reform Party. He won the primary elections in the states of Michigan and California . Oprah Winfrey nominated Vice President . The cabinet also planned to include Colin Powell and John McCain . Then he left the election race [39] .
2008 financial crisis
The financial crisis of 2008 caught Trump at a time when sales at the International Hotel and the Trump Tower of Chicago stopped, and therefore he was unable to repay a $ 40 million loan to Deutsche Bank in December [40] . Trump filed a lawsuit with the court about his injured reputation, where he indicated that the crisis is a force majeure , which is mentioned in the corresponding paragraph of the agreement signed by him [40] . Representatives of Deutsche Bank, in turn, said in court that “Trump knows about past due debt” and that he had previously declared bankruptcy of his casinos twice [40] .
On February 17, 2009, Trump Entertainment Resorts management filed a lawsuit under Chapter 11 of the US Bankruptcy Code , and Donald Trump made a statement stating that he was leaving the Board of Directors [41] .
In November 2013 Donald Trump was in Moscow , which hosted the contest ” Miss Universe 2013 ” (that Trump since 1996 owns the rights to the annual contest “Beauty Miss Universe ” [42] ). He stated that he was pleased with the organization of the contest and noted the contribution of Araz and Emin Agalarov, businessmen (he congratulated the latter on “excellent singing”). Trump also said that he was going to build a skyscraper in Moscow – an analog of New York’s business center ” Trump Tower ” [43] .


One Direction is an Anglo-Irish boy band , founded in London in 2010, which includes: Harry Styles , Louis Tomlinson , Niall Horan and Liam Payne . Until March 25, 2015, Zane Malik [1] [2] [3] was also a member of the group .
They signed with Simon Cowell’s Syco Music record label after joining.
The single “ What Makes You Beautiful ” topped the world charts, and the album won first place on the US national Billboard 200 album chart . For the first time, the debut album of the British group took such a high position in the American chart that it was noted in the Guinness Book of Records .
The second album, Take Me Home, was released on November 12, 2012. The subsequent world tour took place in 2013 and raised more than $ 15 million in Australia and New Zealand alone.
In addition to music, One Direction also supports charities and foundations and has advertising agreements with Pokémon , Nokia , HarperCollins and Hasbro .
One Direction is recognized as a group that revived the concept boy band , an integral part of the new ” British Invasion ” inThe United States . As of August 2012, the group has sold 12 million records. One Direction has won awards such as the BRIT Awards and three MTV Video Music Awards .
According to Nick Gatfield, chairman and chief executive officer of Sony Music Entertainment UK , One Direction is a $ 50 million business empire (including selling albums, paraphernalia, and concert tickets). The Huffington Post has proclaimed 2012 the “Year of the Direction the One» [4] .
Information. In 2010, Niall Horan, Zayn Malik, Liam Payne, Harry Styles and Louis Tomlinson came to the seventh season of The X Factor separately, claiming to be in the solo category. After the invitation of the invited judge Nicole Scherzinger, they were united, thus falling into the category of “Groups”. Subsequently, the group worked together for two weeks to get to know each other better and practice. Harry Styles decided to name the band One Direction, as he thought that the name would sound good at the performance. For their first qualifying performance at the “House of Judges”, the group performed an acoustic version of “Torn” [5] . At performances, they chose songs by artists such as Pink , Coldplay ,The Beatles , Elton John , Kelly Clarkson , Snow Patrol , Kim Wilde , Rihanna and others.
After dropping out of competition for four weeks, groups such as FYD, Diva Fever and Belle Amie One Direction remained the last pupils of Simon Cowell in the project. They finished third, only ahead of Rebecca Ferguson , runner-up, and season winner Matt Cardle. Immediately after the finale, a cover of the song “ Forever Young ”, which was to be published if the group won the competition, leaked to the Internet. Then it became known that One Direction had signed a record deal with Simon Cole’s Syco Records .
The recording of their debut album began in January 2011, as soon as the band members flew to Los Angeles to work with producer RedOne . In February, One Direction and nine other members of The X Factor went on a concert tour. In total, more than 500,000 people attended their concerts in the UK. After the tour ended, in April, the group continued work on their debut album. Studio recordings of the group took place in Sweden , the UK and the United States . One Direction worked with producers such as Karl Falk, Sevan Kotecha, Steve Mack, Raimi Yakub and others [6] [7] .
2011-12: Up All Night and international recognition
which took first place in the UK Singles Chart and became the most pre-ordered single in the history of Sony Music Entertainment [9] . In two months, the video clip for the song gained more than 24 million views on YouTube . Over the first week, more than 153 thousand CDs with a debut single were sold. The video for the second single “Gotta Be You” in two weeks gained over 6 million views on YouTube. Over the month, the number of copies sold amounted to more than 88 thousand. Subsequent singles “Gotta Be You” and “One Thing” hit the top ten on the UK chart.
In November 2011, the group signed a contract with Columbia Records label in North America [10] . Steve Barnett, co-chair of Columbia Records, said it was a very difficult decision for him to sign a contract with One Direction because of their youth and inexperience. was released in the US in February 2012, debuting at twenty-eighth position on the Billboard Hot 100 , then reaching fourth place. As of May 2012, more than 2 million copies of the single .The band’s first album, Up All Night , was released on November 21, 2011. The album topped the charts in sixteen countries. He finished second on the UK chart, sold 138,631 copies, the album became the fastest-selling debut album on the UK album chart in 2011. He made his number one debut in the United States on the Billboard 200, making One Direction the first band in UK history to be number one in the United States with his debut album. As of May 13, 2012, 608,382 copies of Up All Night were sold in the UK, and as of July 1, 2012, 899,000 copies in the United States. As of June 2012, more than 2.7 million copies of the album have been sold worldwide. After the crazy popularity and success of One Direction, they are called by a group that revived the term “boy band “and conquered the United States and Britain.
In December 2011, One Direction set off on their first UK independent tour, Up All Night Tour . In early 2012, due to international popularity, an Australian and North American concert tour was also planned from April to July 2012. Tickets for all 62 concerts were sold out completely.
The group released a recording of one of the concerts on DVD. the DVD topped the charts in twenty-five countries. In the US, he debuted at number one on the Billboard DVD, with sales of 76,000 copies. In Australia, the DVD went six times platinum, selling 90,000 copies in its first week.
One Direction has released two of their own books, entitled Forever Young and Dare to Dream. Forever Young talks about the lives of boys on The X Factor and was released on February 17, 2011. The book took first place on the Sunday Times bestseller list. In turn, the book Dare to Dream , telling about life after the project, was released on September 15, 2011.
On February 21, 2012, One Direction took part in the 2012 Brit Awards , where “What Makes You Beautiful” won the “Best British Single” nomination. In the same year, at the Teen Choice Awards, the group won the following nominations: Summer Music Star Group, Choice Music Breakout Group, Choice Love Song.
. In April 2012, members of the group announced that they would like to contribute more to the songwriting for the second album.
2012–13: In April 2012, The Independent reported that Cowell decided to record the second album of an internationally successful group, following the success of his debut album.
Harry Styles in his interview said, “We are always in the process of writing songs: whether we are on the road, hotel or airport. We do not want our music to sound as if it was written by a forty-year-old man in his office ” [13] . The release of the album Take Me Home took place on November 12, 2012 [14] . The single “ Live While We’re Young ”, representing the new album, achieved worldwide success, ranking first in the charts of Ireland and New Zealand and making it to the Top 10 in every country in which it was presented [15] [16]. Sales on the first day of release amounted to more than 314,000 copies, as a result of which the single was marked as the fastest-selling single of the British group and took third place in the number of downloads among music groups [17] [18] .
The group also planned a new concert tour in February 2013 [19] . The concert tour consisted of 101 performances in the UK, Ireland, North America and Australia. In the UK and Ireland, more than 300,000 units were sold on the first day of ticket sales. In North America, the group had to increase the number of concerts due to “huge demand” [20] In Australia and New Zealand, tickets worth more than $ 15.7 million were sold, all 190,000 tickets for 18 concerts were sold [21] .
2013-14: Midnight Memories and This is Us
August 30, 2013, the. The director of the picture was Morgan Sperlock . The producers were Sperlock, Ben Winston, Adam Milano and Simon Cowell [22] . The main soundtrack of the film was the song “Best Song Ever”, released July 22, 2013 as a lead single from the upcoming third album of the band “ Midnight Memories ” [23] [24] . The film was commercially successful, becoming the highest-grossing film in the UK and the USA, as well as raising over $ 60 million worldwide. On May 16, 2013 the group announced the first stadium tour “ Where We Are Tour ” , which began in April 2014. On May 30, 2013, the group announced a collaboration with Office Depot to create a school supplies collection. It was also confirmed that part of the proceeds from the sale of these goods will be used to implement programs to combat bullying in schools [26] .
On November 23, 2013, in support of Midnight Memories, the group organized 1D Day, [27] dedicated to their fans. The 1D Day broadcast lasted 7.5 hours using the service on YouTube . During the broadcast, the band members performed several songs. Also on the air were invited such stars as Simon Cowell, Cindy Crawford , Pierce Morgan , Jerry Springer and others.


Call of Duty (from  Eng.  - “Call of Duty,” “call of duty”) – a series of computer games in the genre of first-person shooter , dedicated to World War II , the Cold War , the fight against terrorism , a hypothetical Third World War , the wars of the future and space wars. The series consists of fifteen basic games and ten branches .

Story campaign

The story mode of the Call of Duty series of games is a linear first-person shooter where the player usually acts as a fighter in the army of any country or organization. As a rule, in one game of the series there are several protagonists who change during the course of the story. The events of the series games take place in different eras. The action of the chronologically first mission in the games of the series, the beginning of the Soviet campaign of Call of Duty 2 takes place in 1941, the action of the chronologically last game, Call of Duty: Infinite Warfare  – in May 2080. Also, the games of the series take place at different time intervals. The smallest time interval affects the storyline campaign Call of Duty: Infinite Warfare – 3 days, the largest –Call of Duty: Black Ops IIwith an event interval of 39 years. Unlike the classic version of releasing sequels (when a later released game continues or complements the events of previous games or completely restarts the franchise), Call of Duty series games are divided into separate sub-series or independent games whose events are not canonical to each other.

In the games of the series, a wide selection of firearms is presented: both real-life types of weapons (parts whose action takes place in the past or near future), and fantastic. In story campaign missions, the player is given 2 types of firearms (in the Black Ops and Infinite Warfaresub-series, before the start of the mission, the player can independently choose his weapon and modify it), as well as one or two types of grenades. Almost all games in the series have the opportunity to take the weapons of eliminated opponents. In all games in the series, starting with Call of Duty 2, a system of automatic health regeneration is used: to replenish health, a player just needs to retreat to cover. Also in the games of the series, various “scripted” scenes are common to give the parts of the franchise more cinematic. During these scenes, the player may be given control of a different technique or the control customary to the genre may change.

In addition to the features common to the series, individual games may have their own characteristics.

The story campaign in the games of the series can be both single-player and cooperative . All major games in the series have difficulty levels. Call of Duty: Black Ops 4 was the first game in the main series, which abandoned the traditional single-player campaign. Instead of him in the game there are training missions with plot cut scenes.

Multi-user mode

In multiplayer mode, the player can choose from several standard game modes for the genre: deathmatch, team deathmatch, various capture options, and so on. The weapon system is completely identical to that in the story campaign: 2 types of weapons (with the possibility of modification and customization in the later games of the series), as well as grenades. In some games in the series, the player can select perks for his character. In later games of the series, a full-fledged character leveling system appeared. Parties to the conflict in multiplayer are usually factions represented in the storyline campaign.

Cooperative Zombie Mode

In addition to the storyline campaign and multiplayer in the games of the Black Ops sub-series , as well as in Advanced Warfare , Infinite Warfare and WWIIthere is a cooperative zombie mode, designed for 4 people. In this mode, players confront the endless coming waves of zombies. Complexity increases proportionally with each wave: the health and speed of zombies, as well as their number, increase. For the elimination of each zombie, as well as for some other tasks, players are given points that they can spend on the purchase of new weapons. As in other modes, players can have 2 types of weapons, as well as grenades. With some probability, bonuses can appear from the zombies that temporarily give a certain gain. For example, the “Instant Kill” bonus allows you to eliminate any zombie in one hit.

Initially, players open a small area of ​​the map. New areas, like weapons, open for points.

The cards of the zombie mode of the Black Opssubseries are connected by a common storyline, the action of which takes place in another game universe in relation to the story campaign of this subseries. The corresponding modes in the rest of the games are not plot-related either to each other or to the campaign plot of their games.

Other modes

In addition to the three modes listed in the games in the series, there are other game modes. For example, in Call of Duty Black Ops III, there is a Free Run mode in which players through obstacles using the game’s moving system (running, tackling, jumping, sliding on walls) must reach the finish line in the shortest amount of time.Initially, the series was created for personal computers , later it also began to be released on game consoles and portable devices. Game series Call of Duty issued by the company of Activision , and MacOS-version of some parts – Aspyr Media . The main games in the series are created by Infinity Ward , Sledgehammer Games and Treyarch [2] [3] . All the latest major games in the series are created on a series of IW Engine engines and have a three-year development period. At various times, Gray Matter Interactive participated in the creation of other versions and editions of the game ,Spark Unlimited , Pi Studios, Amaze Entertainment , Rebellion Develorpments , Raven Software , n-Space , Neversoft and The Blast Furnace using a large number of different technologies.
The original Call of Duty was developed by Infinity Ward and published by Activision on October 29, 2003 for the Windows platform. T. Call of Duty theme and gameplay are similar to Medal of Honor , which also consists of single missions and campaigns, however, unlike Medal of Honor , war can be seen not only through the eyes of an American soldier, but also by a Soviet and British soldier. Initially, during the development of the game, the game did not have an official name and was held inside the company under the code name and only later was the name Call of Duty [4] chosen . On September 14, 2004, the United Offensive add-on was released . 2 years after the release of the first game in the series, Call of Duty 2 was released , which was also developed by Infinity Ward and released on October 25, 2005 for Windows and November 22 for the Xbox 360 .where the player is given the opportunity to be a soldier of the red, British and American armies. In 2006, the third part of the series was developed, which was developed by Treyarchand released November 7, 2006 for game consoles of the sixth and seventh generations. The plot of the game, like the previous 2 parts, was based on the events of World War II .
On November 5, 2007, Infinity Ward Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare , the first game in the Modern Warfare sub-series , was launched , the events of which are unfolding not during World War II, but at the beginning of the 21st century. A year later, Call of Duty: World at War was released – the fifth game in the series, as well as the first game in the Black Ops sub-series , which was developed by Treyarch and released on November 11, 2008. On November 10, 2009, Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2 was released – the second game in the Modern Warfare sub-series , developed by Infinity Ward . May 25, 2010 Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfarebecame the first game of the series available for purchase in the Xbox Live online store , which allowed users not to buy it on disk, but, having paid, download it to their console [5] . May 14, 2010 it became known that Activision registered domain names for the possible future series of Call of Duty : Call of Duty: Future Warfare, Call of Duty: Advanced Warfare , Call of Duty: Secret Warfare and Call of Duty: Space Warfare [6] . On November 9, 2010, Call of Duty: Black Ops was developed by Treyarch. February 10, 2011, summing up the results of the fourth quarter of the fiscal year, Bobby Kotick ( Eng. Bobby Kotick) announced that in 2011 Activision will put all its efforts into developing the series, changing the priority from the Guitar Hero series to Call of Duty [7] . On May 31, 2011 Activision announced the Call of Duty Elite [8] service , intended for users of Call of Duty games . In the summer of 2011, the service was presented in beta and testing was conducted on integration with the Call of Duty: Black Ops game , and a full launch was made in conjunction with the release of Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3 , which was developed by Infinity Ward and released on November 8, 2011 of the year. November 13, 2012 the exit took placeCall of Duty: Black Ops II, developed by Treyarch .
In the second half of 2012, there was information that the Call of Duty series games will appear on mobile devices: mobile phones, tablets [9] , the likelihood of such an event increased with an official statement by Activision about its plan to develop its most successful games and series of games on mobile devices [10] , separately that the possibility of creating games of the Call of Duty series for mobile devices is being studied , was re-emphasized by the Activision representative at the end of April 2013 [11] . The first game for mobile devices – Call of Duty: Strike Team [12] – was released on September 6, 2013.
The first game in the series released for PlayStation 4 and Xbox One was Call of Duty: Ghosts, developed by Infinity Ward. The game was released on November 5, 2013. On February 28, 2014, the Call of Duty Elite service was discontinued (the web interface and mobile application were discontinued), statistics remained available in games that supported the service ( Black Ops , Modern Warfare 3 and Black Ops II ) [13] Activision explained the need termination of the service by the fact that the company is looking to the future in which the game and services such as Call of Duty Elite are constantly connected, for example, as a separate mobile application for players of Call of Duty: Ghosts [14]. Since 2014, the development of games .


The official distribution of the game in Russia is carried out by Mail.Ru Group [3] [4] . The game is based on previous modifications for other games created by Brendan Green ( Eng. By Brendan Greene ) under the pseudonym «PlayerUnknown», a concept that was inspired by the Japanese film ” Battle Royale” 2000 year . As a result, this led to the creation of an independent game, where Green acted as a leading game designer . In the game there are up to 100 players who land on the island, after which they look for equipment and weapons to kill other participants and at the same time stay alive. The available safe area on the in-game map begins to decrease over time, making the available space closer to push them together.

PlayerUnknown’s Battlegrounds
PlayerUnknown’s Battlegrounds.jpg logo
Game cover
The Republic of Korea PUBG Corporation
The whole world PUBG Corporation
The whole world Microsoft studios
( Xbox one )
Russia Mail.Ru Group ( PC )
China Tencent ( PC and mobile devices (Android and iOS)) [1]
Japan DMM Games [en] ( PC )
Announcement Date
June 27, 2016 [2]
Release dates
The whole worldMarch 23, 2017
( early access )
The whole worldDecember 21, 2017 (release)
Xbox one
The whole world December 12, 2017
( early access )
The whole world September 4, 2018
( release )
iOS , Android
China February 9, 2018
The whole world March 19, 2018
Playstation 4
The whole world December 7, 2018
Latest version
5.7.7 ( PC ) / July 10, 2019
1.20 ( XOne ) / August 13, 2019
0.14.5 ( Android / iOS ) / September 13, 2019
battle royale , third -person and first-person shooter
ACB : MA15 + – Mature 15+
CERO : D – Ages 17 and up
ESRB : T – Teens
PEGI : 16
RARS : 16+
USK : 18
Brendan Green
Chan Khan Kim
Game designer
Brendan Green
Salta, Tom
Technical details
PC ( Windows ), Xbox One , iOS , Android , PlayStation 4
Game engine
Unreal engine 4
Game mode
Interface language
Russian language is present
full list:
Russian , English , Korean , Chinese , French , German , Spanish , Arabic , Japanese , Polish , Portuguese , Turkish , Thai
digital distribution

Processor: Intel Core i5-4430 or AMD FX-6300
Hard Drive: 30 GB
Video card: video card with 2 GB of memory ( NVIDIA GeForce GTX 960 or AMD Radeon R7 370 )
DirectX 11
Broadband Internet Access
keyboard and mouse , gamepad , touch screen
Official site
Commons-logo.svg Wikimedia Commons Media Files
PlayerUnknown’s Battlegrounds was released Steam for the program early access on March 23 2017 the year for the operating system the Windows [5] . During the first seven months after the release, more than 13 million copies of the game were sold, and the peak number of players reached more than 2 million people by the end of the year, making it one of the most popular games on Steam [6] . On October 31, PUBG sales exceeded 18 million copies. The full version of the game was released on December 21, 2017. Output for Xbox One by publisher Microsoft Studios on December 12 to the early access program [7], but on September 4, 2018, an official release took place. March 19, 2018 was released a mobile version for Android and iOS on the model of free-to-play- . The PlayStation 4 version was announced in November 2018, and released on December 7, 2018.

PlayerUnknown’s Battlegrounds is an action-game, in which players with up to 100 people are fighting in the ” battle royal ” ( Eng.  Of Battle Royale ), the type of large-scale ” for last man standing ” battle in deathmatch mode where players fight each other to be the last survivors. Players can choose how to enter the match: alone, in a pair or in a squad of four people. In any case, the last person or team left alive wins the match [8] .

Each match begins with the fact that all players parachute from an airplane over a map with an area of ​​4 × 4, 6 x 6 or 8 × 8 kilometers [9] . The flight route of the aircraft through the map is randomly selected at the beginning of the match, which requires players to quickly determine the best moment for a parachute jump [8] . Players start the round without any equipment, with the exception of customizable clothing, which has almost no effect on the gameplay. Once the players land, they can inspect various buildings, structures and other structures in search of weapons, vehicles, clothing, armor, tactical equipment, medicines and other things. These items are distributed throughout the map at the beginning of the match, and certain areas have an increased chance of finding the best equipment there.[8] . Killed players leave equipment at the place of their death [8] . Players can choose the view from the first or third person , each of which has its own advantages and disadvantages in a combat situation and analysis of the current situation; however, before the start of the match, the player can choose the settings for the server, allowing you to choose to use only one type of perspective for all players in order to eliminate some advantages (for example, a view of the terrain from behind the shelter, remaining completely hidden behind it) [8] [10] .

Some time after landing, every few minutes the playing area of ​​the map begins to decrease in a random place, while any player who is outside the safe zone will begin to take damage, which ultimately leads to his death and the end of the match for him, if he will not have time to get to the safe zone on time; in the game, the player sees the border of the area as a shimmering bluish wall, which narrows over time [11] . As a result of this, the safe playing area is becoming more and more limited, which in turn increases the chances of meeting other players [8] . Also during the match in random areas of the map there is a red zone that is bombarded, this poses a threat to players who remain in this area [12]. In both cases, players are warned a few minutes before these events, which gives them time to move to a safe place [13] . In addition, from time to time, an airplane will fly over various areas of the game zone along a random route, parachuting a container with cargo containing items that are usually inaccessible during the game process. Upon landing, the cargo is marked with a red smoke bomb , which attracts interested players and creates additional confrontations [8] . On average, a full round lasts no more than 30 minutes [13] .

At the end of each round, players receive in-game currency based on how long they survived, how many players they killed and how much damage they caused. Currency is used to purchase boxes containing items of clothing and shoes, hats to customize the appearance of the character [14] .

The concept of the game was developed when lead designer Brendan Green, under the pseudonym “PlayerUnknown,” began working as a modder on ArmA 2 , later creating his own game mode, which is now called “Battle Royale”. This game mode was later embodied in other games, for example, H1Z1: King of the Kill . Seeing the commercial success of this genre, Brendan Green decided to make his own game in Battle Royale mode. The game was released as part of the Steam Early Access Program in March 2017 [15] . On December 21, 2017, a full release of the game took place [16] .

October 16, 2017 Mail.Ru Group became the official distributor of the game in Russia [3] [4] .

During the early access period , most gaming websites decided not to do detailed reviews on PlayerUnknown’s Battlegrounds , although they praised the game. IGN Chloe Rad gave the game a preliminary rating of 9 out of 10, commenting on the fact that it “creates a tense and focused gaming experience, nothing more that puts it out of competition” in comparison with similar projects [17] .

In the first three days after the release of PUBG in early access, the project brought developers $ 11 million dollars [26] , while at the same time topping the top of the most popular games on Steam , and the number of simultaneously playing users amounted to 67 thousand people [27] . By the second week of April 2017, more than 1 million copies of the game were sold, and the maximum number of simultaneous players was 89 thousand people. Analyst company SuperData Research estimated that revenue from April sales of the game exceeded $ 34 million, which added it to the top 10 most profitable games for the month, while still ahead of Overwatch and Counter-Strike: Global Offensive. By May 2017, more than 2 million copies of the game were sold, and the total gross income was estimated at $ 60 million. For three months of early access, sales exceeded 4 million copies of the game, while the Bluehole publisher announced that revenues exceeded $ 100 million. PUBG reached 4 million copies sold faster than Minecraft , which took more than a year to achieve similar sales figures during the paid beta . Seven months after PUBG went into early access, Bluehole announced that the game had hit the 13 million sold mark. In September 2017, the 38 Communications analytic website estimated Bluehole’s capitalization of 5.2 trillion South Korean won ($ 4.6 billion).US dollars ), which implies that over the past three months since June of that year, at the expense of PlayerUnknown’s Battlegrounds, the market value of Bluehole has grown five-fold [28] . In the wake of the success of the game, the Chinese telecommunications media giant Tencent proposed Bluehole a publishing agreement to release the game in China and invested in shares of the company [29] .

With early access, PlayerUnknown’s Battlegrounds has surpassed numerous game records. Bluehole released statistics for the first four months after the release, which showed that more than ten million matches were played in PUBG , which is actually more than 25,000 years old. These SteamSpy demonstrated that PUBG overtook longtime popular projects on the number of simultaneous players (eng.) Russian. on Steam such as Fallout 4 and Grand Theft Auto V , even surpassing Dota 2 , the most popular platform game in August 2017. The following month, the maximum number of players in the game exceeded 1.3 million people, which exceeded the record in Dota 2 , equal to 1.29 million and set in March 2016 . At the beginning of October 2017, the peak number of simultaneously playing users reached 2 million people [6] . The game also had its popularity in South Korea , in the local internet café called the PC bang (Eng.) Russian. ; Gametrics, an analytics firm, said PUBG outperformed Overwatch by August 2017. and became the second most popular game in the country, second only to League of Legends .

Some gaming journalists commented on the rapid growth of a large user base for the game, which was still in early access. The creator of the game, Brendan Green, was sure that during the first month the game could attract more than one million players, however, some of the development team expected only from 200,000 to 300,000 during the first year and were very surprised by the results for the first month. Green believed that the strong growth in the number of players was fueled by unconventional advertising through streamers on Twitch.tvand other content creators with whom they collaborated to introduce new gameplay elements before the public release. Chloe Rad with IGN believed the game’s popularity was due to its rapidly evolving features compared to similar games available at the time, such as H1Z1 and DayZ . Glad believes that the structure of the game balances well between periods when the player is in the thick of things with gunfights and when he leads a secret game, hiding from other hostile players. In her opinion, this approach, together with a short waiting time for a new match, reduces the threshold for new players to enter the game. Andy Moore from Glixel (Eng.) Russian. felt that the popularity of PUBG due to how the game encourages players to act in situations in which they find themselves without considering their preferences, comparing this to the Stanford prison experiment[ specify ] , and thus is able to capture the interest of players who can usually avoid these types of games.

Rock, Paper, Shotgun ‘s Michael Johnson described PUBG as “a tactical shooter – sandbox with story and horror generator in one game”, and combining this with the multiplayer mode, in his opinion, is the reason for its popularity. Rob Zakni of site Waypoint (Eng.) Russian. found that PUBG offers the same type of entertainment for participants, that many other simulators survival of the regime “players often experiment with in-game resources rather than storing them, which leads to humorous or unexpected situations, which are often absent in survival games, and makes it more pleasant to watch and the game itself, which contributes to its popularity. VentureBeat’s Jeff Grubb believes PUBG is a paradigm shift in the first-person shooter market , similar to how Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare changed the way the shooter world came out in 2007 , but according to Grubb, PUBG did it being the exact opposite of the Call of Duty series in terms of pace of the game and strategy.


Many users are thinking about how to connect Tick Tok and Instagram. These are two of the most popular social networks where you can share your creativity. However, on Instagram, the ability to create short videos is limited, so the interaction and import of videos from Tick Tok comes to the rescue. Read rather how to do it.

Bind Tik Tok to Instagram

Below we will tell you how to add an Instagram profile to Tick Tok. Thus, ticktokers can easily follow you. You can also easily share your videos from this social network from Tick Tok. This function is provided in the application itself.

First create accounts on these social networks if you don’t have them yet.
Open TikTok and click on the “little man” icon in the lower right corner, enter your profile.
Click on the “Edit Profile” button.

Tap in Russian “Add” or in English “Add”.

You will be taken to the authorization page, where you will be prompted for the login details for this social network.
Enter username and password
Click Sign In.

You log in to your Instagram account through TikTok.
Next, the application will ask you if you want to stay in the system or not.
Specify “Save information” or “Not now”, depending on whether you want your information to be saved by the application or not.
Further life-cycle:

If you want to immediately upload a video from Tick Tok to Instagram, then click Share and select the desired social. network:

Download video from Tik Tok

Some problem that users experience when importing a movie is aspect ratio. If you need to trim and edit each file before you publish it, then the instructions will follow.

Here’s what you need to do:

First edit the movie in the application and save it on your device.
Then open the Kapwing Resize Video tool in your browser. This is an online tool, so there is no download or installation.
Upload your video and select the desired social network as the platform on which you want to publish it. The tool will resize your file to the recommended site size.

Click on the “Create” button to start the change. The process takes several seconds and runs in the cloud.
When everything is ready, download the result in MP4 format and publish it.

Using hashtags

To promote your profile in Tick Tok, you can use hashtags on Instagram, including installing them on other social networks. Below are some popular Tick Tok tags:

  • #tiktok
  • #tiktokvietnam
  • #tiktokkorea
  • #cute
  • #musically
  • #douyin
  • #video
  • #musicallyindia
  • #tiktokremaja
  • #handsome
  • #tiktokmalaysia
  • #like
  • #instadaily
  • #videooftheday
  • #msii
  • #followworldwide
  • #maskerhits
  • #romantic
  • #videography
  • #beyhadh
  • # like4like
  • #penghilangkomedo
  • #thapar
  • How to get into recommendations in Tick Tok is a question that interests most users of this popular application. This social network was created by the Chinese corporation and today is becoming increasingly popular among the Russian-speaking population. Especially this program is passionate about teasers who publish many different videos every day. However, despite the high activity, getting into the top of the best is not so easy. Read more about how to do it.How to verify your account in Tick Tok, make it private, create a second profile? In this review we will answer the most popular questions!

    Question: How to make a verified account in Tik Tok and confirm your identity?

    Answer: You probably saw the “Official” icon, which marks verified accounts of Tok Tok. After opening the profile, you can see an orange checkmark marked “Popular author”. Want to get one?

    Until 2018, everyone could pass verification, while this option is not available. The developers promise to return the confirmation function in the near future. In any case, you should accept the following recommendations:

    Post only quality content;
    Collect a large number of likes and fans.

    As soon as it becomes possible to verify your account in Tick Tok, you will receive a notification from the social network.

    Q: How to make a private account in Tick Tok, is it possible to close the profile from unauthorized users?

    A .: It was not possible to verify the account, but you can hide it! If you follow our instructions, you can make a private profile in TikTok.

    Log in to the app;
    Click on the button in the form of a man in the lower right corner;

    Click on the icon in the form of three dots in the upper right corner;

    Profile settings will open;

    You need the “Visibility” section;
    Find the “Private account” field and move the toggle switch to the “Enabled” position;
    Below is the button “Allow people to find me.” You can disable this option to remove the nickname from the search results.

    Done! Only approved subscribers will be able to view content and likes in a private profile! Limitations do not apply to existing subscribers.

    Q .: What does private video in Tick Tok mean, who sees similar videos? Is it possible to hide the recorded video?

    A: Private video is a video that only you can see, other users cannot view the record in the stream. How to make a similar video? Everything is very simple:

    Click on the button in the form of a plus sign located in the middle of the bottom panel;
    Record your desired movie and select filters, effects;
    Click the “Next” button;
    The “Publish” section will open;
    Find the line “Who can view this video”;

    Click “Publish” or “Drafts” depending on the method of publication.

    That’s all, your videos are reliably hidden from prying eyes! We figured out how to verify your account in Tick Tok or make it private. Move on?

    Q: How to create a second account in Tick Tok and switch between profiles in a few clicks?

    A .: You can independently figure out how to make a double in Tick Tok – the system allows the possibility of creating several profiles.

    First, register twice:

    Open the Tick Tok app;
    An information window will appear

    Or select a social network to enter;
    After registration, go to the profile – this is an icon in the form of a man in the lower panel on the right;

    Scroll the screen and find the “Exit” icon;
    Confirm the action by pressing the “Yes” button.

    You will be taken to the main page of the program – now we figure out how to change your account in Tick Tok:

    Click on the profile button (lower right corner);
    You will see a “Continue with this account?” Notification;
    A little lower is the button “Switch to another”;
    Click on it, enter your mail / phone and password. Done!
    Thus, you can switch between two accounts at any time – this is a quick way that takes a few seconds. Do not forget your usernames and passwords!
    All actions are on the video:


” TikTok ” ( Engl. TikTok) – a social network that allows you to create short music videos, live shows and to exchange messages. In China, known as Douyin .
Launched in September 2016, it is currently the leading video platform for short videos in China [2] and is becoming increasingly popular in other countries, becoming one of the fastest growing and most downloaded applications [3] [4] . Currently, the application has reached more than 500 million users from 150 countries [5] . It is believed that the main audience of this social network are teenagers [6] . However, in China, where the application is most popular, 60% of users are in the age range of 25-44 years, and outside China, 43% of users are older than the age range of 16-24 [7] .The social network Douyin was launched by the Chinese company ByteDance in September 2016 [8] . Later, a copy of this application was released for the international market under the name TikTok [9] . This allowed the company to grow globally without violating the laws of its country [10] .
On November 9, 2017, ByteDance acquired the social network and on August 2, 2018 merged it with TikTok [11] .How to get into recommendations in Tick Tok is a question that interests most users of this popular application. This social network was created by the Chinese corporation and today is becoming increasingly popular among the Russian-speaking population. Especially this program is passionate about teasers who publish many different videos every day. However, despite the high activity, getting into the top of the best is not so easy. Read more about how to do it.

The answer to the question: how to get into the recommendations in Tick Tok and how the recommendations work is simple – this is the so-called rating. Only the most interesting and high-quality video clips fall into the recommendations of Tick Tok. Thanks to this, many users of this social network are gaining the desired popularity and can safely use their accounts as a way to earn money. To stand out among millions of other followers and get into recommendations, you need:

post high-quality content in Tick Tok, shoot bright, original content and collect a large number of likes, then you are more likely to get recommendations
Create and customize a profile with unique features unique to you. In this case, it is worth choosing a simple and memorable profile name.
neat and stylish look when shooting for Tick Tok,
in the process of shooting, stay positive and confident, users love these bloggers.
one more trick how to get into the recommendations in Tik Tok: shoot without hands to get into the frame at full height.
use high-quality equipment for shooting, otherwise even the most interesting idea will be spoiled due to poor video quality.
mark people on your posts, later they will help you publicize your profile and get into recommendations in Tick Tok.
Try to plan new videos on certain days, so that users get used to the specified format.
shoot theme clips for a specific audience.
learn from popular users, know your competitors by sight.
to fly into the top, handle the clips in the video editor.
Use popular music tracks.

When creating a video, actively write trending hashtags, since the application processes your video clip in accordance with the specified tags. You can make videos related to popular tags as well as put descriptions in the title of your video.

The use of tags gives an excellent result for getting into recommendations in Tick Tok:

# like4like or # l4l, which means like for like
# comment4comment or # c4c – means comment for comment
#follow offers to follow you.
# followfor # follow – subscription for subscription.
Decide on your audience in Tick Tok and write tags for them, then your clips will become popular and recognizable. You now know how to get into recommendations in Tick Tok.


Phoenix, Joaquin

Joaquin Rafael Phoenix ( . English Joaquin Raphael Phoenix, IPA : [hwɑːkiːn fiːnɪks] ; b. 28 October 1974 , San Juan , Puerto Rico ) – American entertainer , maker , music video chief and artist . The more youthful sibling of on-screen character River Phoenix .

Four-time candidate and champ of the Golden Globe Cinematography Award , Cannes prize victor and champ of the Volpi Cup of Venice Film Festivals for Best Actor and a Grammy Music Award , three-time Academy Award chosen one and British Film Academy Award .

The job of the Roman ruler Commodus in the film ” Gladiator ” brought overall notoriety . He is additionally known for the movies ” Signs “, ” Hotel” Rwanda “,” Mysterious Forest “,” Cross the Line “,” She “. The greater part of the pundits perceived the apex of his vocation as the job of Freddie Quell in the film ” Master “, for this job Phoenix was assigned for an Academy Award for Best Actor.

Joaquin Phoenix was conceived on October 28, 1974 in Puerto Rico . Mother, Arlyn Sharon Phoenix ( Arlyn Phoenix , nee Dunets, brought into the world 1944), originated from a group of Jewish migrants settled in the Bronx from Hungary and Russia ; his dad of Spanish-Irish family, John Lee Butt ( Eng. the John Lee The Bottom), was a local of California . His folks were individuals from the Children of God group and were engaged with evangelist exercises while going in South America .

In 1978, guardians left the order and moved to Florida, changing their surname to Phoenix. Joaquin’s mom found a new line of work at NBC in the throwing office . Their youngsters started acting in ads and TV arrangement.

The group of John Lee and Arlene Phoenix had five youngsters. These are the children of River (1970-1993) and Joaquin, little girls of Liberty, Rain and Summer .

The main TV pretended by Phoenix in 1982, in the dramatization “Seven Brides for Seven Brothers,” alongside his more seasoned sibling River Phoenix .

At that point Joaquin Phoenix featured in verbose jobs in the TV arrangement “She composed the homicide” (1984) and “The Falling Man” (1984).

In 1995, he shows up in the motion picture ” What merits kicking the bucket for.” Phoenix accomplices in the film were Nicole Kidman , Matt Dillon , Casey Affleck . In late October 2008, Joaquin declared his retirement from the film so as to “dedicate himself altogether to the melodic field.” Subsequently, it worked out that the announcement was a piece of the pseudo-narrative film ” I’m Still Here, ” shot by Casey Affleck, who is likewise the spouse of his sister Summer . Joaquin Phoenix is ​​a veggie lover . In 2003, he partook in the production of the narrative about the brutality to creatures ” Earthlings “, in which numerous different veggie lovers participated notwithstanding it [4]. Joaquin Phoenix discusses the film as pursues: “Of the considerable number of movies I have taken a shot at, this is the most discussed,” “Everybody who has seen Earthlings enlightens three additionally concerning it” [4] . For taking an interest in this film, Joaquin Phoenix was granted the Humanitarian Award at the San Diego Film Festival

The creator of “The Hangover Party” Todd Phillips made a genuine Scorsese show about an untouchable brought to surrender by society. Furthermore, maybe he exceeded Christopher Nolan in the “more dull, progressively practical” approach, Olga Belik accepts.

What’s more, obviously, the famous chuckling of the Joker. Phillips thought of a splendid arrangement, making the legend snicker insanely at minutes when he most needs to cry. A sort of super shortcoming, which later winds up one of the character’s super powers. The chief indicated Phoenix a tape of patients experiencing wild giggling, and the on-screen character believed that he couldn’t adapt to the assignment. “I began rehearsing alone and after a month requested that Todd give me a snicker. I was appallingly awkward, I would not like to sound phony. Todd tuned in, tuned in, and stated: “Stop, stop,” “chuckles Joaquin. Accordingly, they concocted three kinds of giggling: to begin the film, when Arthur is continually alone; for minutes when Arthur is looked with individuals; for the resurrection and freedom of the saint, when chuckling progresses toward becoming not torment, however happiness.

Phillips says his Joker isn’t a superhuman and not the person who needs to see the world ablaze. “This is a person who is simply attempting to get himself and comprehend what his identity is. He will likely make individuals giggle, and he turned into an image of opposition accidentally. ” The new Joker is a man who is simply tired of being great. This theme was incidentally beaten in the “Cry” by John Waters. It likewise demonstrates the dangerous intensity of such a choice – what happens when the embarrassed and offended repels.

Subsequently, we have a genuine pinnacle of the most genuine and sensible film adjustment dependent on funnies, a Shakespearean disaster shot by an entertainer. DC studio rendered a certain retribution before Marvel in the battle for the watcher and the Oscars.


Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd (Samsung Electronics; Samsung in Korean literally means “three stars” 삼성, 三星 ; Korean name is 삼성 전자, 三星 電子 , “Samson Jeonjah”) is a multinational company manufacturing electronics , semiconductors , telecommunications equipment , memory chips, liquid crystal displays , mobile phones and monitors .Today, Samsung employs more than 309,630 people in 74 countries. The head office of the company is located in Suwon (South Korea) [4]

Since 2018, Samsung Electronics has been led by three CEOs:

Kinam Kim is President and Chief Executive Officer, Deputy Chairman of the Board of Directors and Head of Device Solutions .
Hyunsuk Kim is President and CEO, President and Head of Consumer Electronics .
Dong Jin Koh (DJ Koh) – President and CEO, President and Head of IT & Mobile Communications , President and Head of Mobile Communications Business .

The main activities of Samsung Electronics are:

Consumer Electronics : TVs, monitors, printers , air conditioners, household appliances);
IT & Mobile Communications : computers , telephones, digital cameras;
Device Solutions : includes two divisions – semiconductor (produces memory chips and processors) and display (produces screens for electronics).
In the field of Consumer Electronics, the company produces:

Plasma TVs
LCD TVs and LCD Monitors
DVD players (until 2019 )
Digital Camcorders
Digital cameras (until 2017) [5]
Pocket Digital Audio Players (until 2010)
Laser printers (until November 1, 2017) [6]
Optical disc drives
Hard disks (HDD)Semiconductor Division ( Eng. Semiconductor Business ): the production of memory chips, the DRAM , the SRAM , and flash memory . Samsung has been a leader in the production of DRAM and SRAM continuously for 13 years [22] .
Division display ( Eng. The Display Business ). Samsung has set some records in LCD panel production over the past few years. In August 2001, the world’s first 40- inch panel was introduced , followed by a 46- inch panel in October 2002, a 57-inch panel was released in 2003, and 82-inch in early 2005. In 2004, Samsung’s share of the LCD monitor market was 22.5%.
Division of IT and mobile communication ( Eng. IT & Mobile Communications ): the production of phones, computers, digital cameras.
The division of household appliances (the English Digital Appliance Network Business ): the production of microwave ovens , refrigerators , air conditioners and other household goods [23] .

The largest television production company in Europe in Jasfensaru ( Hungary ), more than 2.6 thousand employees.

In September 2008, a plant was opened in Russia (Samsung Electronics Rus Kaluga LLC) in the Borovsky district of the Kaluga Region . The volume of investments in the enterprise amounted to more than $ 250 million. The total area of ​​the production workshops of the plant is 40.6 thousand square meters. m. The plant includes: a workshop for the production of printed circuit boards and microcircuits , as well as a workshop for thermoplastic molding.

The factory manufactures Samsung TVs, monitors and washing machines, intended for sale in Russia , the CIS countries and for export to Europe. Since November 2018, the company began production of the world’s first 8K QLED TVs Q900R with diagonals of 75 and 85 inches with the most accurate screen resolution available today.

With the Olympic Games in Seoul in 1988before the Olympic Games in Nagano in 1998 , Samsung was a local sponsor of the Olympics, and since 1998 has acted as World Olympic Partner in the category “Wireless telecommunications equipment.” He is also the World Partner of the International Paralympic Committee, with whom he has been cooperating since 2006 [25] .

In 2004, she acted as a representative partner of the first Athens 2004 Olympic Torch Relay. Subsequently, the company was a representative partner of the Olympic Torch Relay during the Olympics in Turin in 2006, in Beijing in 2008, in London in 2012 and supported the Pyeongchang Relay – 2018. Samsung will support the Tokyo Olympic Games in 2020 and subsequent Olympic Games, including Los Angeles 2028, as well as the Youth Olympic Games until 2028 inclusive [26] .

The company provides participants and organizers of the Olympic Games with mobile technological solutions, and also provides the operation of a proprietary wireless platform, called Wireless Olympic Works (WOW).Since 2007, Samsung Electronics has supported the WorldSkills International (WSI) movement, an international non-profit movement whose goal is to enhance the prestige of working professions and the development of professional education. The company acts as WorldSkills International representing partner, since 2007 – representing partner of WorldSkills International movement. He was also the General Partner of the 45th WorldSkills Championship of Professional Excellence, which took place in Kazan from August 22 to 27, 2019 [27] [28] .In the 1980s, on the initiative of Samsung headquarters in Seoul, the Samsung Service Plaza project was launched. In 2008, the project began its development in Russia. The company has more than 50 Samsung Service Plaza assets. The service center includes a store with a demo area for new products and premium after-sales service. In Samsung Service Plaza service centers, you can get qualified specialist advice, as well as repair equipment within one hour in the presence of the client.

Research centre

The company has opened 35 research centers in different countries (including in Russia since 1993). Invests in research 7.7% of annual sales revenue – this is one of the leading indicators in the world. Today it has the largest number of active patents in the USA and has filed applications for most of the technologies of the Fourth Industrial Revolution in Europe [29] .


In the next three years, Samsung will invest $ 22 billion in the development of 5G, as well as technologies in the field of artificial intelligence. 7 centers of artificial intelligence were opened in Seoul , Silicon Valley, Cambridge , Toronto , New York , Montreal, as well as in Moscow (since May 2018).

The Samsung Galaxy S series belongs to the Samsung GALAXY series Android smartphones and includes the Super Smart [1] GALAXY series devices made by Samsung Electronics.

Series phones Galaxy S since 2010 positioned as the flagship of Samsung and are considered the main competitors line of smartphones iPhone of Apple’s [2] . Initially, the first Galaxy S series smartphone was launched in Singapore, Malaysia and South Korea in June 2010 [3] [4] [5], then in the United States [6] . During the first 45 days of sales, more than a million units were sold in the United States, which also contributed to the promotion of the Android operating system in the new and fast-growing smartphone market, which also produced phones with operating systems Symbian , Windows Phone , LiMobased on Linux and others [7] . Galaxy S line of phones has made Samsung the largest manufacturer of phones in the world [8] . Galaxy S line is distinguished by the fact that its new models usually have the most modern technologies and innovative characteristics in the smartphone market [9] .

Cricket :- training on field

[1] [approx. 1] ( born cricket) is a non-contact team sport that is part of a family of games that use the bat and ball . Cricket originated in the 16th century in the south of England . By the end of the 18th century, the game became one of the national sports. The expansion of the British Empire contributed to the spread of the game around the world. The first test matches between the national teams were held in the middle of the XIX century. Cricket match involves the competition of two teams, each of which is represented by eleven The rules of the game are created and changed by the Marylebone Cricket Club [4] . In addition, the International Cricket Council has developed standard gaming conditions for test and one-day international matches [5] [6] . The creation and use of additional conditions at the domestic championship level is the responsibility of the national cricket federations. The game rules provide for several formats for the match, including the system of a limited number of overs. The system involves holding a match in one or two innings, which may be limited in time or in the number of overs. The rules traditionally use the English system of measures , while new versions of the rules include measurements in SI .
The set of rules includes

the following sections: preface, preamble, 42 rules and four appendices. The foreword shows a brief history of the rules and the Marylebone Club. The preamble has been included in the rules relatively recently. This section contains cricket ethical standards. The rules themselves have changed eight times. The amendments concerned the problems of poor lighting, the order of the draw, the ethical principles of the game and other aspects of cricket [7] .
The list of game rules and their summary are presented below.athletes. The game takes place on an elliptical grass field. In the center of the field is a rectangular earthen ground – pitch . The pitch is 22 yards or a little over 20 meters and 10 feet or 3 meters wide. At the ends of the pitch are wooden gates . Game zones at the ends of the pitch are separated fromTeams in turn hit the ball and play in the field, trying to score the maximum number of points or, accordingly, prevent this opponent. Depending on the format of the game, a team may hit the ball once or twice in a row. ( . English batsman), reflecting the ball bat [approx. 2] . A key role in some game episodes is played by Wicket Keeper. Cricket moves are called innings. Athletes playing in the field teams are dispersed throughout the field, while rivals are represented by only two batsmen. Within each innings, the bowler of the playing field team throws the ball to the opponent’s batsman through the entire pitch. The batsman tries to deflect the shot so that the ball reaches the field’s borders or flies far enough away from the opponents, which would allow the batsman to run across to the other end of the pitch. If successful, and subject to certain other conditions, the batsman team earns points, wounds ( Eng. Run – “run”) At the same time, the fulfillment of certain game conditions — the capture of the ball by an opponent before touching the ground, the destruction of the batsman’s gate, etc. — takes the batsman out of the game. Innings continues until ten batsmen of the batsman are removed from the game, after which the teams change roles. Bowlers succeed after six innings, a set of Different formats can significantly differ from each other in some parameters, for example, duration. Short games include only 20 overs, which is about 3.5 hours of playing time, while test matches between the leading teams can last up to five days of a six-hour confrontation. The change in the rules of the game is administered by the Marylebone Cricket Club, the world’s largest cricket brand [2] . Global regulation of cricket is carried out by the International Cricket Council , which unites 105 members, only 12 of which have full status [3] .The first four rules apply to match participants: players, referees and markers.
Rule 1: Players. The cricket team includes eleven players, including a captain. Outside the framework of official competitions, teams can agree on a larger number of rosters, while no more than eleven players can be in the field [8] .
Rule 2: Substitutions. In cricket it is possible to replace injured players, however, the substitute player cannot beat, serve, guard the gate or act as a captain. In case of restoration and with the consent of the referee, the replaced player shall be returned to the field. An incapable of running a batsman may have his own runner who will run while the batsman continues to beat. If a player enters the field without an arbiter team and touches the ball, the ball immediately becomes dead (see Rule 23), and the batter team receives 5 wounds [9] .
Rule 3: Judges. Two referees work at the matches, who monitor the observance of the rules, make all the necessary decisions and inform the markers about them. The rules do not require a third referee, but in high-level cricket, he (being out of the field and helping the field referees) can work in a particular match or tournament under special gaming circumstances [10] .
Rule 4: Markers. The game has two markers that follow the signals of the judges and keep score [11] .

Match structure

The next block of rules determines the requirements for the course of the match.

Rule 12: Innings. Before the game, the teams agree whether one innings will be held ( English innings – “serve” ), or whether the winner will be determined by the results of two games. In addition, opponents find out whether innings will be limited in time or in the number of overs. In practice, these parameters are determined by the rules of a competition. If in a match with two innings no follow-up is declared(see Rule 13), then the teams in turn hit the ball. Innings is considered completed when all batsmen of the batter’s team are eliminated from the game, the captain informs about the announcement or refusal of innings, or when the time limit or the number of overs expires. Before the game, a draw is held, according to which the winning captain chooses whether his team will beat or play in the field first [19] .

Rule 13: Follow-on. This rule applies to matches in two innings [approx. 7]. If the team that beats the second one gains significantly fewer wounds than the first, then the first team can announce a fall-on, that is, force opponents to conduct the second innings in the role of bats immediately after the first. In other words, the teams will be in the role of beating on the principle of first, second, second, first, while the standard scheme assumes the order first, second, first, second. For a match lasting five days or more, the necessary gap in the score should be 200 wounds, for a three- or four-day match the difference should be 150 points. A two-day game allows a gap of 100 points; finally, within the framework of a one-day match, the announcement of a follow-up becomes possible with a gap of 75 wounds [20] .

Rule 14: Announcement and Denial. This rule applies to matches in two innings [approx. 7] If the ball is declared dead [approx. 8] , the captain of the batting team can complete the innings at any time. This procedure is called the announcement ( Eng.  Declaration). The captain makes an announcement if he believes that the team scored enough wounds to win. The captain can also refuse to conduct innings before it begins. Innings that the team refused to hold are considered played [21] .

Rule 15: Breaks. The match provides for several types of breaks of various durations. Between innings the teams rest for ten minutes. There are lunch breaks , tea drinking and a special break to quench your thirst. The schedule of breaks must be agreed before the match. In some situations, a schedule change is allowed [22] .

Rule 16: Start of the game, termination of the game. The signal to continue the game after the break is the team of the judge “Play” ( “game” ). The game is terminated by the command “Time”( “time” ). The last hour of the game must include at least 20 overs. If fewer overs are played, the referee extends the playing time for fulfilling the norm [23] .

Rule 17: Training on the field. Players cannot use the pitch for training on match days. Violation of the rule is punishable by removing the player for a while. Trial runs before serving are prohibited if, in the judge’s opinion, this can lead to a waste of playing time [24] .