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Categories: Politics


Narendra Damodardas Modi ( born  Narendra Damodardas Modi, Guja . નરેંદ્ર દામોદરદાસ મોદી, Hindi नरेन्द्र दामोदरदास मोदी; born September 17, 1950 , Vadnagar, India ) – Indian politician and statesman, Prime Minister of India since May 26, 2014 , leader of Bharatiya janata party . In 2001-2014, he was the Chief Minister of Gujarat.InformationYouth
Narendra Damodardas Modi was born on September 17, 1950 in the city of Vadnagar [2] . He was the third of six children in the family of Damodardas Mulchand Modi (c. 1915-1989) and his wife Hiraben (b. 1920) [3] . In his early youth, he became interested in politics, joined the ranks of Rastria Swayamsevak Sangh (RCC). He was educated as a political scientist .
Political career
In 1998 , on behalf of the then acting leader of Bharatiya Janat Party Lal Krishna Adwani , he led the election campaign of this party in Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh . In October 2001, he became the chief minister of Gujarat, replacing the retired Kesubhai Patel [4] [5] . In 2007, he was re-elected for a third term [6] [7] [8] , and in 2012 for a fourth.
Both in India and abroad, Modi is considered an extremely controversial figure [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] . His actions during the Gujarat pogrom of 2002 caused sharp criticism . In particular, he was accused of not providing protection to Indian Muslims . Despite this, Modi enjoys tremendous support among the population of Gujarat. He is credited with the rapid economic growth of the state in the 2000s [16] . According to the popular magazine India Today , in 2006 and 2011. N. Modi was recognized as the best chief minister of India [17] .
Activities as Prime Minister
On September 13, 2013, Narendra Modi was named prime minister’s candidate for Bharatiya Janata Party and led the campaign for the 2014 parliamentary elections . According to him, he held 440 meetings with voters across the country. In addition, Modi successfully used social networks, resorting even to three-dimensional holograms in order to “directly” communicate with voters in virtual space [18] . The BDP program slogan read: “Nationalism is our inspiration. Development and good governance are our goal ” [19] .
Voting was held in nine stages from April 7 to May 12 , with a turnout of 66.38%. On May 16, the Election Commission of India began the vote count [20] . According to preliminary data, Bharatiya Janata Party was the leader in 276 out of 543 constituencies, and the National Democratic Alliance in 331 [21] . After the preliminary vote count showed the overwhelming advantage of the BJP, the representative of the Indian National Congress, Rajiv Shukla, on behalf of the party said that “we admit defeat. We are ready to join the opposition ” [22] . According to estimates, the BJP can get 277 seats in the new composition of the Lock Sabha, with 272 necessary for the simple majority [23] , and INCs – about 100 places [24] . The current Prime Minister of India, Manmohan Singh, congratulated Narendra Modi on his election victory. In turn, Modi wrote on Twitter : “India won! Good days ahead ” [25] . According to preliminary data, the BJP will receive 339 seats in parliament [26] .
On May 17, Narendra Modi arrived in Delhi from Gujarat to hold a victory parade ending at the party’s headquarters. Along the route of the motorcade, police and special units were exhibited [27] . On the way to the headquarters of Bharatiya Janata party, people gathered along the streets chanted his name, waved flags, showered flowers with his motorcade, sang and danced to the sounds of a brass band and national flutes. Modi got out of the car several times, showing the crowd the “V” sign [28]. On the same day, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh recognized the victory of Bharatiya Janata Party in the elections and resigned, saying that he “tried to do everything possible during his service to the great people” of India. According to the final results of the vote, the United Progressive Alliance led by the Indian National Congress party won only 59 out of 543 constituencies, the BDP won 283 constituencies, thus gaining an absolute majority and becoming the first party in 30 years to form a government on its own [ 29] . Singh will continue to serve as prime minister until the appointment of a new one [30] . The BJP gained control only of the lower house of parliament, Lok Sabha ; in rajya sabhashe has only 46 mandates out of 240 against 68 for the INC, which gives the latter a veto [31] .
On May 19, Russian President Vladimir Putin congratulated Narendra Modi on the victory of his party in the election [32] .

On May 20, Narendra Modi was nominated as Prime Minister of India by Bharatiya Janata Parti. According to the approved procedure, he will meet with the President of India Pranab Mukherjee to apply for formal permission to head the government [33] . It was expected that the oath could take place on May 24 [34] .

On May 26, Narendra Modi took the oath of office of the Prime Minister of India . The ceremony was attended by politicians and representatives of foreign countries, among whom was the Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif . Until now, the prime ministers of India and Pakistan have never come to the inauguration of their colleague [35] . In addition to him, there were leaders of countries belonging to the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), as well as the presidents of Afghanistan , Sri Lanka and the Maldives , the prime ministers of Nepal and Bhutan , the speaker of the Parliament of Bangladesh [36]. Before the oath ceremony at the presidential palace in Delhi, Nawaz Sharif said that the election of Modi opens up opportunities for improving relations between the two countries [37] . The next day, Modi held talks with Sharif, at which issues of cooperation in various fields, in particular in the field of border security, were discussed [38] .

In 2018, he took 9th place in the ranking of the most influential people in the world according to Forbes magazine . He held the same position in 2015 and 2016 [39] .

Narendra Modi actively communicates with her supporters on social networks. The number of followers of his Twitter page, as of January 2019, is 45 million. It is noteworthy that of politicians, only Barack Obama (104.1 million) and Donald Trump (57.2 million) have the most subscribers. Modi often posts tweets in the language of the country he is making an official visit to.

He is a vegetarian [40] . He writes poems in the language of Gujarati [41] .

In 2014, Narendra Modi said at a meeting with medical workers in a hospital in Mumbai that the story of the god Ganesha , who has the head of an elephant and a human body, indicates the existence of plastic surgery in ancient India [42] .

In early June 2015, Narendra Modi accidentally hit the list of ten most dangerous criminals according to the Google search engine . His photo appeared first in response to a request of the “Top 10 criminals in India”. The search engine management had to apologize for the “confusion and misunderstanding that occurred” [43] .

Sumit Kumar

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Sumit Kumar

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