One Direction is an Anglo-Irish boy band , founded in London in 2010, which includes: Harry Styles , Louis Tomlinson , Niall Horan and Liam Payne . Until March 25, 2015, Zane Malik [1] [2] [3] was also a member of the group .
They signed with Simon Cowell’s Syco Music record label after joining.
The single “ What Makes You Beautiful ” topped the world charts, and the album won first place on the US national Billboard 200 album chart . For the first time, the debut album of the British group took such a high position in the American chart that it was noted in the Guinness Book of Records .
The second album, Take Me Home, was released on November 12, 2012. The subsequent world tour took place in 2013 and raised more than $ 15 million in Australia and New Zealand alone.
In addition to music, One Direction also supports charities and foundations and has advertising agreements with Pokémon , Nokia , HarperCollins and Hasbro .
One Direction is recognized as a group that revived the concept boy band , an integral part of the new ” British Invasion ” inThe United States . As of August 2012, the group has sold 12 million records. One Direction has won awards such as the BRIT Awards and three MTV Video Music Awards .
According to Nick Gatfield, chairman and chief executive officer of Sony Music Entertainment UK , One Direction is a $ 50 million business empire (including selling albums, paraphernalia, and concert tickets). The Huffington Post has proclaimed 2012 the “Year of the Direction the One» [4] .
Information. In 2010, Niall Horan, Zayn Malik, Liam Payne, Harry Styles and Louis Tomlinson came to the seventh season of The X Factor separately, claiming to be in the solo category. After the invitation of the invited judge Nicole Scherzinger, they were united, thus falling into the category of “Groups”. Subsequently, the group worked together for two weeks to get to know each other better and practice. Harry Styles decided to name the band One Direction, as he thought that the name would sound good at the performance. For their first qualifying performance at the “House of Judges”, the group performed an acoustic version of “Torn” [5] . At performances, they chose songs by artists such as Pink , Coldplay ,The Beatles , Elton John , Kelly Clarkson , Snow Patrol , Kim Wilde , Rihanna and others.
After dropping out of competition for four weeks, groups such as FYD, Diva Fever and Belle Amie One Direction remained the last pupils of Simon Cowell in the project. They finished third, only ahead of Rebecca Ferguson , runner-up, and season winner Matt Cardle. Immediately after the finale, a cover of the song “ Forever Young ”, which was to be published if the group won the competition, leaked to the Internet. Then it became known that One Direction had signed a record deal with Simon Cole’s Syco Records .
The recording of their debut album began in January 2011, as soon as the band members flew to Los Angeles to work with producer RedOne . In February, One Direction and nine other members of The X Factor went on a concert tour. In total, more than 500,000 people attended their concerts in the UK. After the tour ended, in April, the group continued work on their debut album. Studio recordings of the group took place in Sweden , the UK and the United States . One Direction worked with producers such as Karl Falk, Sevan Kotecha, Steve Mack, Raimi Yakub and others [6] [7] .
2011-12: Up All Night and international recognition
which took first place in the UK Singles Chart and became the most pre-ordered single in the history of Sony Music Entertainment [9] . In two months, the video clip for the song gained more than 24 million views on YouTube . Over the first week, more than 153 thousand CDs with a debut single were sold. The video for the second single “Gotta Be You” in two weeks gained over 6 million views on YouTube. Over the month, the number of copies sold amounted to more than 88 thousand. Subsequent singles “Gotta Be You” and “One Thing” hit the top ten on the UK chart.
In November 2011, the group signed a contract with Columbia Records label in North America [10] . Steve Barnett, co-chair of Columbia Records, said it was a very difficult decision for him to sign a contract with One Direction because of their youth and inexperience. was released in the US in February 2012, debuting at twenty-eighth position on the Billboard Hot 100 , then reaching fourth place. As of May 2012, more than 2 million copies of the single .The band’s first album, Up All Night , was released on November 21, 2011. The album topped the charts in sixteen countries. He finished second on the UK chart, sold 138,631 copies, the album became the fastest-selling debut album on the UK album chart in 2011. He made his number one debut in the United States on the Billboard 200, making One Direction the first band in UK history to be number one in the United States with his debut album. As of May 13, 2012, 608,382 copies of Up All Night were sold in the UK, and as of July 1, 2012, 899,000 copies in the United States. As of June 2012, more than 2.7 million copies of the album have been sold worldwide. After the crazy popularity and success of One Direction, they are called by a group that revived the term “boy band “and conquered the United States and Britain.
In December 2011, One Direction set off on their first UK independent tour, Up All Night Tour . In early 2012, due to international popularity, an Australian and North American concert tour was also planned from April to July 2012. Tickets for all 62 concerts were sold out completely.
The group released a recording of one of the concerts on DVD. the DVD topped the charts in twenty-five countries. In the US, he debuted at number one on the Billboard DVD, with sales of 76,000 copies. In Australia, the DVD went six times platinum, selling 90,000 copies in its first week.
One Direction has released two of their own books, entitled Forever Young and Dare to Dream. Forever Young talks about the lives of boys on The X Factor and was released on February 17, 2011. The book took first place on the Sunday Times bestseller list. In turn, the book Dare to Dream , telling about life after the project, was released on September 15, 2011.
On February 21, 2012, One Direction took part in the 2012 Brit Awards , where “What Makes You Beautiful” won the “Best British Single” nomination. In the same year, at the Teen Choice Awards, the group won the following nominations: Summer Music Star Group, Choice Music Breakout Group, Choice Love Song.
. In April 2012, members of the group announced that they would like to contribute more to the songwriting for the second album.
2012–13: In April 2012, The Independent reported that Cowell decided to record the second album of an internationally successful group, following the success of his debut album.
Harry Styles in his interview said, “We are always in the process of writing songs: whether we are on the road, hotel or airport. We do not want our music to sound as if it was written by a forty-year-old man in his office ” [13] . The release of the album Take Me Home took place on November 12, 2012 [14] . The single “ Live While We’re Young ”, representing the new album, achieved worldwide success, ranking first in the charts of Ireland and New Zealand and making it to the Top 10 in every country in which it was presented [15] [16]. Sales on the first day of release amounted to more than 314,000 copies, as a result of which the single was marked as the fastest-selling single of the British group and took third place in the number of downloads among music groups [17] [18] .
The group also planned a new concert tour in February 2013 [19] . The concert tour consisted of 101 performances in the UK, Ireland, North America and Australia. In the UK and Ireland, more than 300,000 units were sold on the first day of ticket sales. In North America, the group had to increase the number of concerts due to “huge demand” [20] In Australia and New Zealand, tickets worth more than $ 15.7 million were sold, all 190,000 tickets for 18 concerts were sold [21] .
2013-14: Midnight Memories and This is Us
August 30, 2013, the. The director of the picture was Morgan Sperlock . The producers were Sperlock, Ben Winston, Adam Milano and Simon Cowell [22] . The main soundtrack of the film was the song “Best Song Ever”, released July 22, 2013 as a lead single from the upcoming third album of the band “ Midnight Memories ” [23] [24] . The film was commercially successful, becoming the highest-grossing film in the UK and the USA, as well as raising over $ 60 million worldwide. On May 16, 2013 the group announced the first stadium tour “ Where We Are Tour ” , which began in April 2014. On May 30, 2013, the group announced a collaboration with Office Depot to create a school supplies collection. It was also confirmed that part of the proceeds from the sale of these goods will be used to implement programs to combat bullying in schools [26] .
On November 23, 2013, in support of Midnight Memories, the group organized 1D Day, [27] dedicated to their fans. The 1D Day broadcast lasted 7.5 hours using the service on YouTube . During the broadcast, the band members performed several songs. Also on the air were invited such stars as Simon Cowell, Cindy Crawford , Pierce Morgan , Jerry Springer and others.

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